Parashat בוא-bo- go!


Exodus-10:1-13:16, Jeremiah-44:13-28


Things to go over

1.The Passover- A study

A. The differences between Passover the meal, and passover the offering?

B. What we learn about these differences

C. Yeshua our Passover, and what it means?

2. The feast of unleavened bread- A study

A. What are we allowed to eat?

3. The firstborn- A study

A. Are woman allowed to be firstborn’s?

4. Property laws- A study

A. Do Property inheritances go through the males? And if so why?

B. What do we learn from this study


1.The Passover- A study


A. The differences between Passover the meal, and passover the offering?


Okay this is a subject that has gotten a lot of confusion, and miss teaching I am of the opinion of, my teacher Rick uncovered this, then I thought he was wrong about it last year, however I decided to go over it again and make sure I was right, and I found out that Rick was right all along. The idea is that Passover is an 8 day long celebration, this is substantiated in Ezekiel-45:21-In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the new moon, you have the Pěsaḥ, a festival of seven days, unleavened bread is eaten. With that said there is a meal called the passover on the 14th, and a sacrifice on the 15th , See Exodus-12- The whole chapter, and Deuteronomy-16:1-7, and here are my reasons why they are different:


* Notice Exodus-12:5-Let the lamb be a perfect one, a year old male. Take it from the sheep or from the goats.- In this command the words is כבשים-kesbasim- sheep, and עזים-izim- goats


However in Deuteronomy-16:2, it uses generalized terms, Deuteronomy-16:2- “And you shall slaughter the Pěsaḥ to יהוה your Elohim, from the flock and the herd, in the place where יהוה chooses to put His Name.- The words here are צאן-tze’on- small cattle- like sheep or goats,


The next word is בקר-baqar- is only referred to large cattle (i.e. cows, bulls, oxen, etc.) Now there is none of these kinds of animals listed in exodus-12, so this is an addition, then in exodus-12.


*In Deuteronomy-16:3-4-Eat no leavened bread with it. For seven days you eat unleavened bread with it, bread of affliction, because you came out of the land of Mitsrayim in haste – so that you remember the day in which you came out of the land of Mitsrayim, all the days of your life. “And no leaven should be seen with you in all your border for seven days, neither should any of the meat which you slaughter in the evening on the first day stay all night until morning. - Now if you read this carefully you are to eat unleavened bread with it for 7 days, with this Pesach offering, which was on the 15th.


Because they did do the passover and have unleavened bread with it, but not for 7 days all crammed in 1 day, plus when they did the passover, they had concluded it, then came the destroyer, then they left. According to Deuteronomy-16:1 they left at night Deuteronomy-16:1-“Guard the new moon of Aḇiḇ, and perform the Pěsa to יהוה your Elohim, for in the new moon of Aḇiḇ יהוה your Elohim brought you out of Mitsrayim by night.


It was a full day before they left when they slaughtered the pesach. So between the evenings is basically the evening of the 13th going into the 14th.


*Another thing to point out is in Deuteronomy-16:5- “You are not allowed to slaughter the Pěsaḥ within any of your gates which יהוה your Elohim gives you, - The word here is זבח-zevach- slaughtering, this is the kind of ritualistic offerings listed in Deuteronomy-12, which are supposed to be offered at the temple see Leviticus-17:3-5- Any man from the house of Yisra’ěl who slays a bull or a lamb or a goat in the camp, or who slays it outside the camp, “Any man from the house of Yisra’ěl who slays a bull or a lamb or a goat in the camp, or who slays it outside the camp, in order that the children of Yisra’ěl bring their slaughterings which they slaughter in the open field. And they shall bring them to יהוה at the door of the Tent of Appointment, to the priest, and slaughter them as slaughterings of peace offerings to יהוה.


However the word in Exodus-12:6-And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same new moon. Then all the assembly of the congregation of Yisra’ěl shall slay it between the evenings.- The word for slay is שחט-shachat- to slay- with a knife.


Anyways the point is nowhere in the instructions for the passover on Exodus-12, does it mention that this is a slaughtering at all, however the one Deuteronomy does, and as we learned that one in Deuteronomy, is on a different time when it is done, and since it has an addition to it then I have no choice but to conclude that these are different. The One on the 14th is a meal and the other on the 15th is an offering.


It was pointed out to me okay what if this was a one time festival? But that doesn’t work at all see Exodus-12:14-‘And this day shall become to you a remembrance. And you shall celebrate it as a festival to יהוה throughout your generations – celebrate it as a festival, an everlasting law.


It was also asked of me that we need to put the blood on the lintel and door posts today? I will say no because this is what the commands says in verses-13-14-‘And the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I shall pass over you, and let the plague not come on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Mitsrayim. ‘And this day shall become to you a remembrance. And you shall celebrate it as a festival to יהוה throughout your generations – celebrate it as a festival, an everlasting law.


The definition of a sign, is of something past which serves to keep it in something/ someone’s memory, a proof, or a token. So YHVH wants them put the blood on their lintel and door posts so that he remembers not to destroy them at that time period, that is all the blood is there for, it is completely independent of the feast being done forever.


Now another objection that was pointed out to is found in Numbers-9:5-6- So they performed the Pěsaḥ on the fourteenth day of the first new moon, between the evenings, in the Wilderness of Sinai. According to all that יהוה commanded Mosheh, so the children of Yisra’ěl did. But there were men who were defiled for a being of a man, so that they were not able to perform the Pěsaḥ on that day. So they came before Mosheh and Aharon that day,- If this is a meal, then why are they not allowed to do this meal while unclean?


The Answer to that is found in Numbers-5:2-3- "Command the children of Yisra’ěl to send out of the camp every leper, and everyone who has a discharge, and whoever becomes defiled for a being. “Send out both male and female, send them outside the camp, so that they do not defile their camps in the midst of which I dwell.”


The point is when you were unclean then you were sent outside the camp, and inside the camp everyone would have been practicing Pesach in Numbers-9:5-6, but you just plain weren’t allowed to enter into the encampment where everyone was. This was a good way to ensure that the uncleanliness of others didn’t spread, which it could. So it was likely the Judges ruled that those who were unclean couldn’t celebrate pesach that year.


B. What we learn about these differences


So since we have found out that they did the Passover first, then they came out of Egypt, then we get these commandments in verses-43-49-And יהוה said to Mosheh and Aharon, “This is the law of the Pěsaḥ: No son of a stranger is to eat of it, but any servant a man has bought for silver, when you have circumcised him, then let him eat of it. “A sojourner and a hired servant does not eat of it. “It is eaten in one house, you are not to take any of the flesh outside the house, nor are you to break any bone of it. “All the congregation of Yisra’ěl are to perform it. “And when a stranger sojourns with you and shall perform the Pěsaḥ to יהוה, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and perform it, and he shall be as a native of the land. But let no uncircumcised eat of it. “There is one Torah for the native-born and for the stranger who sojourns among you.”


Anyways since they had already did it, then I take this to mean that uncircumcised people are allowed to eat the meal on the 14th, but on the 15th no! Because they were about to leave at night on the 15th, see verse-51- And it came to be on that same day that יהוה brought the children of Yisra’ěl out of the land of Mitsrayim according to their divisions.


Besides this makes sense because no foreigner is allowed to offer an offering see Numbers-3:10-“And appoint Aharon and his sons, and they shall guard their priesthood. And the stranger who comes near shall be put to death.”


So of course foreigners have to be circumcised to partake in the passover ritual offering on the 15th because unless you are circumcised you cannot even offer an offering.


C. Yeshua our Passover, and what it means? Well since It is my opinion that a man cannot die for another person within the torah, then my understanding is that Yeshua’s death inspired people to not be Idolatrous, and since Yeshua inspired Christianity, you could say that his acts introduced the nations to the God of Israel partially. Now you could say the same thing in the passover, because they killed the lamb, and what was the lambs job?


It’s blood was there for a sign to ensure that the destroyer didn’t kill your firstborn. It also represented some sort of god to the egyptians- see Exodus-8:26-And Mosheh said, “It is not right to do so, for we would be slaughtering the abomination of the Mitsrites to יהוה our Elohim. See, if we slaughter the abomination of the Mitsrites before their eyes, would they not stone us?


Now the proof for this statement that the abomination being gods they worshiped is as follows:


1 Kings-11:5- And Shelomoh went after Ashtoreth the mighty one of the Tsiḏonians, and after Milkom the abomination of the Ammonites. - Here it is a god.


And 2 kings-23:13- And the sovereign defiled the high places that were before Yerushalayim, which were on the right hand of the Mountain of Destruction, which Shelomoh sovereign of Yisra’ěl built for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Tsiḏonians, and for Kemosh the abomination of the Mo’aḇites, and for Milkom the abomination of the children of Ammon.


The point is in Exodus-8:26- they didn’t want to slaughter a lamb, which Egypt worshiped as gods, for fear of being stoned. So YHVH basically around the time of passover wants us to turn from Idolatry, he even wanted the Egypt to acknowledge that he was God over them.


Anyways YHVH can use any messenger to do such acts, even someone like Yeshua to cause the nations to acknowledge YHVH. So with this said Paul was right Yeshua was our passover only in reference to a metaphor though.


Now I know what some might point out there is no example in the Tanakh that people represent feast offerings in metaphors. I say, SO WHAT!!!!


There is no command or reference that says metaphors have to be done in a certain fashion, besides people are allowed to be creative.


2. The feast of unleavened bread- A study


A. What are we allowed to eat?


In Exodus-12:15- Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. Indeed on the first day you cause leaven to cease from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that being shall be cut off from Yisra’ěl.


The word I have highlighted and underlined is שאר- se’or- which is basically a dough ball which ferments bread. This idea is where we get sourdough bread from, so this is the thing you are to cease from the house.


You are also not to eat leavened bread – חמץ-chametz- bread that is already leavened bread from the se’or.


So technically we don’t have a concept like se’or today, except for sourdough bread, there is also another command in the torah regarding this issue which is found in Exodus-13:7-“Unleavened bread is to be eaten the seven days, and whatever is leavened is not to be seen with you, and leaven is not to be seen with you within all your border.


So both se’or and chametz are not to be seen in all the territories (i.e. tribal districts.)


Now it comes to the very important question, is this command only in reference leaven, and leavened bread? Or are you allowed to have condiments that have vinegar within it?


It cannot be determined weather or not they drank wine, or beer around this time according to the scriptures, if they did, then I would have determined that se’or and chametz are only in connection to bread, but since I cannot produce the evidence for that, I say err on the side of caution and don’t eat condiments with certain kinds of vinegar such as distilled vinegar from grains. However you can ingest vinegar's from apples, that wouldn’t be against this command.


3. The firstborn- A study


A. Are woman allowed to be firstborn’s? So this is what the commandment says in Exodus-13:2-“Set apart to Me all the first-born, the one opening the womb among the children of Yisra’ěl, among man and among beast, it is Mine.” - The firstborn males are set-apart to YHVH.


This is not written in command form as such: woman are not allowed to be the firstborn.


In fact according to the book I have “woman in the ancient near east,” according to common law, after a woman transferred to the family of her husband she no longer had any right to inherit into which the family which she was born in. The dowry she took away with her could have been seen as her share of that inheritance.-


My point is it wasn’t an uncommon thing in the ancient near east for woman to inherit property, since it is common law. However once she married she lost the ability to keep it.


4. Property laws- A study


A. Do Property inheritances go through the males? And if so why?


Actually yes they do and here is the justification for this assertion it is found in Numbers-34:29-These are the ones יהוה commanded to divide the inheritance among the children of Yisra’ěl in the land of Kena‛an. - Now if you read this passage in context you will learn that the land of Israel is divided by lot to each of the tribes except the 2 of the tribes see Numbers-34:13-15-And Mosheh commanded the children of Yisra’ěl, saying, “This is the land which you inherit by lot, which יהוה has commanded to give to the nine tribes and to the half-tribe. “For the tribe of the children of Re’uḇěn according to the house of their fathers, and the tribe of the children of Gaḏ according to the house of their fathers, have received their inheritance. And the half-tribe of Menashsheh has received its inheritance. “The two tribes and the half-tribe have received their inheritance beyond the Yarděn of Yeriḥo eastward, toward the sunrise.”


Now remember you are dealing with inheritances, so these are properties that passed down through families that is why, you need a male, because a male is the progenitor of a family, because without the male having sex, the woman would have never gotten pregnant. So basically my point is the intent of the command here, is that people would marry and have a household full of children together, that is why property goes through the males.


B. What do we learn from this study


The first part is with all this pointed out, it is my understanding from this study that all woman should be married in Israel, the reason being is because since Ancestral inheritances are passed down through male children, then she has to be married, or adopt a male child. Or the inheritance will be given to someone else within their clan, the nearest redeemer, as we see in see Leviticus-25:25- ‘When your brother becomes poor, and has sold some of his possession, and his redeemer, a close relative comes to redeem it, then he shall redeem what his brother sold.


So since we have learned that she either gets a child, whether through adoption, or through lineage, or she will cost her immediate family the inheritance. Because her immediate family would have no one to redeem it, in the event of her death, if she didn’t have brothers or sisters.


Now this wouldn’t meet the intent of this command, because if she doesn't have a child to pass down the inheritance down she will cost her immediate family the inheritance, which that in itself violates a very important command to honor your father and mother. Now if she has a child, she has to also think for the child's needs as well, which children who don't come from at least 2 parents households are 17 times more likely to commit crimes, according to statistics, so for the sake of the family, and for the sake of the community woman from Israel should get married, otherwise it is very likely to lead to sin.


- And I appeared

Exodus-6:2-9:35, Ezekiel-28:25-29:21


Things to discuss

1. Exodus-6:3- A study

A. What’s in a name?

B. Now let’s talk about YHVH appearing at all in any capacity?

C. How did YHVH appear to them as “El Shaddai,” and what can we learn from it?

2. YHVH redeeming his people out of Egypt, and what that means concretely today?

3. What is the hardening of the heart?- A study

A. What exactly is the hardening of Pharaoh’s heart, and what can we learn from it?

4. Sin- A study

A. What is sin?

B. What does it effect?

5. אביב-aviv- a study

A. What exactly does aviv mean, and why?

B. When does the calendar start?


1. Exodus-6:3- A study


So before we get into this study of the 3rd verse in Exodus chapter-6, I want to display the hebrew of that verse- וארא אל אברהם אל יצחק ואל יעקב באל שדי שמי יהוה לא נודעתי- And I appeared unto Avraham, unto Yitzchakh, and unto ya’aqov as El Shaddai, but my name YHVH was not known.


A. What’s in a name?


So here it is definitive they didn’t YHVH’s name at all, in fact I have read scholarly reports that say he was only known as “El” a Canaanite deity. However the problem I have with this assertion. The problems are as follows they had temples devoted to the worship of El, however you don’t see Abraham going to those temples to sleep with the temple prostitutes, or Isaac, or Jacob for that matter, in fact in Genesis-35:1-2-And Elohim said to Ya‛aqoḇ, “Arise, go up to Běyth Ěl and dwell there. And make a slaughter-place there to Ěl who appeared to you when you fled from the face of Ěsaw your brother.” And Ya‛aqoḇ said to his household and to all who were with him, “Put away the foreign mighty ones that are among you, and cleanse yourselves, and change your garments.


And according to my study last week in last weeks paragraph the covenant was given, but the law wasn’t given to his seed until they get to Mt.Sinai, and since YHVH said because Abraham followed my commandments, statutes, and instructions- Genesis-26:4-5. Then I would say YHVH gave him some form of law, and not to follow the Gods of that world.


Anyways with that said, let’s dive into what’s in a name. So notice YHVH appeared to them as El Shaddai, but the name of YHVH was not known to them, I have a question how could that be a factual statement, when they said his name literally?


Avraham- Genesis-14:22-But Aḇram said to the sovereign of Seḏom, “I have lifted my hand to יהוה, the Most High Ěl, the Possessor of the heavens and earth,


Ya’aqov- Genesis-27:20- But Yitsḥaq said to his son, “How is it that you have found it so quickly, my son?” And he said, “Because יהוה your Elohim brought it to me.


Yitzchakh- Genesis-27:27- And he came near and kissed him. And he smelled the smell of his garments, and blessed him and said, “See, the smell of my son is like the smell of a field which יהוה has blessed.


So how can this be a factual statement? Well the truth is the word שם-shem- can actually mean name, but it doesn’t have to, it can also mean character as well, we see this in:


Genesis-6:4- The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of Elohim came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, the men of name.


And Numbers-16:2-and they rose up before Mosheh with some of the children of Yisra’ěl, two hundred and fifty leaders of the congregation, called ones of the meeting, men of name.


Also another thing to point out is the word “to know,” is ידע-yada- to know. Now there are 2 words for “knowing.”


דעת-da’at- knowledge- non action word

ידע- yada- to know- action word- prim. Root. - So this is the type of knowledge that requires action.


Plus the other thing is this word is also for sex in Genesis-4:1-And Aḏam knew Ḥawwah his wife, and she conceived and bore Qayin, and said, “I have gained a man, יהוה.


So the fame of YHVH’s character had not gone out, much less been awknowledged, but the fame of El shaddai did, but it wasn’t like they didn’t know his name, but it has more to do with works attributed to YHVH.


B. Now let’s talk about YHVH appearing at all in any capacity?


So I will state this, I have the opinion that YHVH will not appear on earth, that he never has, and never will, and here’s why:


John-1:18- No one has ever seen Elohim. The only brought-forth Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He did declare.


John-5:37-“And the Father who sent Me, He bore witness of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form.


1st John-4:12-No one has seen Elohim at any time. If we love one another, Elohim does stay in us, and His love has been perfected in us.


Now why did they, and I believe this? For starters it is my opinion that the torah is not just the law of YHVH’s covenant with Israel, but it is also his character, meaning if we are going to do this, he himself is going to this and it is based off of a verse in Leviticus-19:2-“Speak to all the congregation of the children of Yisra’ěl, and say to them, ‘Be set-apart, for I יהוה your Elohim am set-apart. - which according to these passages, we see that these are works, which according to my opinion he himself would do these works.


For instance since we are not to murder our children to Molekh, he himself would not murder his children for religious purposes at all, because of this verse here.


If he wants us to not to put stumbling blocks before the blind, that means he will not based off this verse. Which we see this idea in Numbers-23:19- "Ěl is not a man, to lie; nor a son of man, to repent! Has He said, and would He not do it; or spoken, and would not confirm it?


And since we see a command in the torah that you are not to build images in the heavens above, etc. etc. Then you really believe he would deceive/ put a stumbling block before the children of Israel to build images of a godman? I mean in Exodus-32- they worshiped Mosheh through the golden calf, and it didn’t please him at all.


We also see this idea in Exodus-20:4-5, and in Deuteronomy-4:12-16- This was why he didn’t show his form at all, because it make it easier on the children to not build images of god men.

Now of course you could point out YHVH tests his people, and that is true, but only to an extant, always through the hands of a messenger- see Deuteronomy-13, the point is YHVH wouldn’t appear on earth himself to test you himself if you would build images of him, but his character is that he would get a messenger to do his work, the messenger is not him.


So what did they see? more then likely it was a messenger, since they could be identified as YHVH in the text.


C. How did YHVH appear to them as “El Shaddai,” and what can we learn from it?


So for starters the word shaddai comes from the another word שוד-shud- breast- more appropriately to suck- by implication of giving birth/ nursing- (BDB)


So this is the fame of YHVH, where people were having lots of children, which makes sense because in Abraham and Isaac, and Jacob’s time they were building a Nation. In Mosheh’s time period this was when they going to be introduced to YHVH’s fame, the covenant keeping God.


Anyways the other thing I want to point out regarding this is there is another faction in our time period called “Sacred Namers.” Where they don’t allow people to speak the name of YHVH at all, because you will be saying the name of some pagan deity unless you know it.


It is based off of another command in exodus-23:13- “And in all that I have said to you take heed. And make no mention of the name of other mighty ones, let it not be heard from your mouth.


However let’s see what the hebrew says, and translate it:


ושם אלהים אחרים לא תזכירו לא ישמע על פיך- And the character of other mighty-ones, you will not make a remembrance of, they will not be heard on your mouth.


Now the reason why I translated it as such, is because for starters,


Numbers-25:3-Thus Yisra’ěl was joined to Ba‛al Pe‛or, and the displeasure of יהוה burned against Yisra’ěl. - A false God was mentioned here.


Leviticus-20:2- “Say to the children of Yisra’ěl, ‘Any man of the children of Yisra’ěl, or of the strangers who sojourn in Yisra’ěl, who gives any of his offspring to Moleḵ, shall certainly be put to death. The people of the land shall stone him with stones. - Anyways the point is YHVH told Mosheh to “supposedly violate this command to all the children of Israel.”


And before you say Moses was more set-apart then we were, so he could. The reason why that doesn’t work is because there is no command/ instruction that dictates people like the prophets could say the names of other gods but not us. Anyways my point regarding this command is that it has to be looked at as you are not allowed to praise them/ vow in their name, but you are allowed to say their names, saying the name means nothing. We see this idea also here in this application as well, you don’t need to say the name of YHVH perfectly otherwise you are saying the name of a pagan god.


Now I will be intellectually honest here, I don’t say the name at all, because I view YHVH as my father, now do people say the name’s of their parents when talking to them? Of course not, its a sign of respect.


2. YHVH redeeming his people out of Egypt, and what that means concretely today?


So notice in this section that the reason why YHVH is doing this is so that he can redeem his people out of Egypt, out of a nation where they were slaves. This idea is the same concept today, where we have taxes, prisons, insurance companies, vaccines, banks, etc.


The point is our system is a system that is built around debt, and subjugation, however we can rest assure that the system YHVH set up is not built around this, in fact the system is based off of restoration. Plus, we can rest assured that the anointed one of YHVH will come, and that our redemption draws nigh.


For instance all across history, in every part of the globe show me where there would be a cancellation of all debts people have toward one another every 70 years see Leviticus-25. Or how about a system where there no prisons, or no lawyers for that matter, or even a system that allows for personal debt between one person and another to be canceled every 7 years- see Exodus-21:2-6, and Deuteronomy-15:1-5.


3. What is the hardening of the heart?- A study


A. What exactly is the hardening of Pharaoh’s heart,and what can we learn from it?


The Hebrew reads in Exodus-7:3- ואני אקשה את לב פרעה- And I will make stubborn the heart of Pharaoh.


The word I have underlined is קשה-qashah- according to the (BDB)- to be hard, or treat cruelly- almost like to be overbearing on an object or person, as a representation of this word, we see this idea in these listed occurrences:


2 Samuel-19:43- And the men of Yisra’ěl answered the men of Yehuḏah, and said, “We have ten parts in the sovereign, and in Dawiḏ too, we have more than you. Why then did you despise us? Was it not our advice first to bring back our sovereign?” But the words of the men of Yehuḏah were harsher than the words of the men of Yisra’ěl.


And Genesis-35:17-And it came to be, as she was having great difficulty giving birth, that the midwife said to her, “Do not fear, for it is another son for you.”


The point is according to the usage of this word the way YHVH hardened his heart is through circumstances, because this word is never used within the context of spiritual hardening that was outside your control. In fact the rest of these 2 verses confirms it see verses-3-4-“But I am going to harden the heart of Pharaoh, and shall increase My signs and My wonders in the land of Mitsrayim. “And Pharaoh is not going to listen to you, and I shall lay My hand on Mitsrayim, and bring My divisions and My people, the children of Yisra’ěl, out of the land of Mitsrayim by great judgments.


Now lets if this definition stays true.


There is also another word YHVH uses to harden the hearts which is as follows:


In Exodus-7:13- ויחזק לב פרעה- And the heart of Pharaoh was squeezed


The word חזק-chazaq- to squeeze with great strength- verb- prim. Root


See Genesis-19:16- And while he loitered, the men took hold of his hand, and his wife’s hand, and the hands of his two daughters, יהוה having compassion on him, and they brought him out and set him outside the city.


See Genesis-21:18-“Arise, lift up the boy and hold him with your hand, for I make a great nation of him.”


And finally Genesis-41:56-And the scarcity of food was over all the face of the earth, and Yosěph opened all the storehouses and sold to the Mitsrites. And the scarcity of food was severe in the land of Mitsrayim.


The point is YHVH is squeezing his heart, almost as if he is putting it through a meat grinder, and depressing him, and we see that later on because it uses the word heavy, as if YHVH made his heart heavy from depression.


Now I want you to factor this into your thinking, your Pharaoh king of Egypt the most Powerful nation in the known world. You are worshiped as a god in said nation, your gods are mocked, and this criminal/ shepherd is humiliating you and everyone in your court, now you have to save face some how right? With all that in mind are you going to submit to the warnings of someone like Mosheh? I thought not.


Anyways in conclusion what the hardening of the heart is when you are stubborn and refuse to stop sinning, until it becomes your new reality, we see this concept in 1 Timothy-4:1-5-And the Spirit expressly speaketh, that in latter times shall certain fall away from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and teachings of demons, in hypocrisy speaking lies, being seared in their own conscience, forbidding to marry to abstain from meats that God created to be received with thanksgiving by those believing and acknowledging the truth, because every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be rejected, with thanksgiving being received, or it is sanctified through the word of God and intercession.


4. Sin- A study


A. What is sin?


So let’s ask this question what is Sin, not according to the New Testament, but according to the Ancient near east, because obviously Pharaoh knew what sin was here in chapter-9:27- Pharaoh then sent and called for Mosheh and for Aharon, and said to them, “I have sinned this time. יהוה is righteous, and my people and I are wrong.


So the very first occurrence of it is found in Genesis-4:7-“Is it not if you do good, you are to be accepted? And if you do not do good, towards the door is a sin. It is lying and towards you is its desire, and you must rule over it.”- Because YHVH was warning him about that he was going to go astray from his “intended will.”


So what is it exactly? I mean its obvious that YHVH had a will for them, otherwise sin wouldn’t be mentioned here, much less a concept, also look at the surrounding verbage, Qayin obviously went astray from the intended will of YHVH.


Plus since חטא-chata- means to miss the mark.


The next occurrence is found in Genesis-18:20-And יהוה said, “Because the outcry against Seḏom and Amorah is great, and because their sin is very heavy, - The same thing here, - YHVH was letting him know that he was letting him know that Sodom already because they went astray from his intended will as well.


The next occurrence is found in Genesis-31:36-And Ya‛aqoḇ was wroth and contended with Laḇan, and Ya‛aqoḇ answered and said to Laḇan, “What is my transgression? What is my sin, that you have hotly pursued me? - Here he is wondering how has he wrong him.


There is also a verb form if this word found in Genesis-20:6-And Elohim said to him in a dream, “Yes, I know that you did this in the integrity of your heart, and so I kept you from sinning against Me. For this reason I did not let you touch her. - Here it is used as a wronging of some kind.


There is also another occurrence of the noun form in Genesis-50:17- This is what you are to say to Yosěph, “I beg you, please forgive the transgression of your brothers and their sin, for they did evil to you.” ’ And now, please forgive the transgression of the servants of the Elohim of your father.” And Yosěph wept when they spoke to him. - The same thing here.


Anyways from this it seems in these verses what sin seems to be is missing the mark from the intended will of YHVH, or another way to put is rebellion of the torah, since his is not different from the torah.


B. What does its affects effect?


Anyways since I am not of the opinion that YHVH changes his character see Malachi-3:6-For I am יהוה, I shall not change, and you, O sons of Ya‛aqoḇ, shall not come to an end.


And since he is the God of life for instance:


His torah encourages people to marry and have children, and his torah doesn’t allow for much debt within it, and since his torah doesn’t allow for human sacrifice, much less it more focused on how you treat your fellow man. To continue proving my point since you get a good diet for your body, I would say this is the God of life.


Plus since the curses listed in Deuteronomy-28 for disobedience of this torah we learn that the curses are things that lead to death. This would have been Paul’s concept of the law of sin and death.


It is basically missing the mark from the intended will of YHVH, and wronging him which leads to bad circumstances in life. It is not this pseudo spiritual concept of arrows that affect’s your soul and hinders you from going to heaven. No it is a character flaw within a person that needs to be changed if you desire to be like YHVH, and succeed in the deeds of life.


Now sin can affect the other Nations if YHVH gives them a command to follow, we this idea in Jonah- when he wanted them to repent from their issues so that they could be left alive to chasten Israel later on. We also see this idea in Obadiah where YHVH lets the nations of Esav know they will judged, etc.


5. אביב-aviv- a study


A. What exactly does aviv mean, and why?


So according to the (BDB) it means “in ear”- referring to barley, and grain, specifically also “green shoots.” because of the root- אבב- avav- to be fresh, green plants, etc.


The reason why it is specifically “green shoots,” is because of the 2 occurrences of the verb form אבב-avav-


Job-8:12-While it is yet green, not cut down, it dries out before any plant. - (The opposite of drying is fresh plants)


And Song of songs-6:11- I went down to the garden of nuts To see the budding of the wadi, To see whether the vine had budded and the pomegranates had bloomed. - Here plants are near a נחל-nachal- cove- (i.e. they will be green plants)


And since aviv is noun form of this word and since it is only used with barley- see Exodus-9:31- And the flax and the barley were struck, for the barley was in the head and the flax was in bud.


Plus the word aviv is used of grain in Leviticus-2:14- ‘And if you bring a grain offering of your first-fruits to יהוה, bring for the grain offering of your first-fruits green heads of grain roasted on the fire, crushed heads of new grain.


It is never used of anything else besides barley, and grain, and since there are other words that mean in bud/ bloom etc. This can only be used for both barley and grain, plus barley does turn a greenish hew when they are in bud this makes sense.


In regards to how I know it is barley this explanation was given to me partially in the talmud in menachot 68b:20-


its in chapter-9:31-32-And the flax and the barley were struck, for the barley was in the head and the flax was in bud. - This was around the time that the passover was going to be done, it was at least a few days away, and since it is month of aviv, and the passover is a feast of remembrance, we also have to do it at a time when the barley is in head.


B. When does the calendar start?


So when the calendar start is around March or April, when the barley is in ear.

How to study the Bible accurately


This has been something on my heart for a while now, I have been desiring to give the tools as toward how you study the bible accurately, the reason being is because there are wolves out there, that can make pretty convincing arguments, and if you are not prepared, they will tear you apart, and you will not have a leg to stand on. So this document that I am producing here is going to give you the keys to study the word without me giving the answers all the time. Now after this document you will not be at my level of study, however you will be able grasp some of the concepts that I see in the Bible, and you will be see if I am right or wrong.


Things we will go over

1. The anchors to your studies

2. Topical studies

3. Pardes studies

4. Thematic studies



1. The anchors to your studies


A. The first anchor of your study is the torah, the reason being is Deuteronomy-4:2-Do not add to the Word which I command you, and do not take away from it, so as to guard the commands of יהוה your Elohim which I am commanding you.


Also Deuteronomy-12:32- “All the words I am commanding you, guard to do it – do not add to it nor take away from it.-


The reason being is because YHVH is God, and he commands us, we are not allowed to make up commands, or to take away from the commandments, ultimately if you find something that looks like a command outside the torah, it does not carry the same weight as a command in the torah, unless YHVH himself commanded it.


Another thing YHVH himself could also test a person see Deuteronomy-13:1-4-When there arises among you a prophet or a dreamer of dreams, and he shall give you a sign or a wonder, and the sign or the wonder shall come true, of which he has spoken to you, saying, ‘Let us go after other mighty ones – which you have not known – and serve them,’ do not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams, for יהוה your Elohim is trying you to know whether you love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart and with all your being.


We see the same thing in Acts-10:9-16- And on the next day, as they were on their way and approaching the city, Kěpha went up on the house-top to pray, about the sixth hour. And he became hungry and wished to eat. But while they were preparing, he fell into a trance, and he saw the heaven opened and a certain vessel like a great sheet bound at the four corners, descending to him and let down to the earth, in which were all kinds of four-footed beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping creatures, and the birds of the heaven. And a voice came to him, “Rise up, Kěpha, slay and eat.” But Kěpha said, “Not at all, Master! Because I have never eaten whatever is common or unclean.” And a voice came to him again the second time, “What Elohim has cleansed you do not consider common.” And this took place three times, and the vessel was taken back to the heaven.


Another place is Genesis-22:1-2-And it came to be after these events that Elohim tried Aḇraham, and said to him, “Aḇraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” And He said, “Take your son, now, your only son Yitsḥaq, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriyah, and offer him there as an ascending offering on one of the mountains which I command you.”


Also my final argument I have is Deuteronomy-5:29- Oh, that they had such a heart in them, to fear Me and to guard all My commands always, so that it might be well with them and with their children forever!


Ultimately if your going to discern the text accurately, you need to go by the basic commandments that YHVH gives, however if you find them inside or outside the torah, and they contradict, it is a test.


B. The next anchor is scripture interprets scripture, if you find a scripture that doesn’t fit, then it is your interpretation, now I do have to say scripture itself it is the Tanakh, which is classified as the old testament.


Now as toward scripture interpreting scripture, to give you an idea


here is an example in Deuteronomy-12:15- Notwithstanding thou mayest kill and eat flesh in all thy gates, whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee: the unclean and the clean may eat thereof, as of the roebuck, and as of the hart.- Here is an example of King James, now notice the part I have underlined, and highlighted:


But we know you are not allowed to eat unclean at all, see Leviticus-11, and Deuteronomy-14


So what is going on here? Well this is an issue with translation:


הטמא והטהור יאכלנוThe unclean, and the clean will eat of it- now my point is the Hebrew is defining both the clean and the unclean, as if they are people


Also the part I have highlighted usually gets translated “we will eat,” however the grammar is weird it is 3rd person masculine singular.


Also since people can become unclean its fair to say that Mosheh’s original intent was that the unclean and the clean are able to eat of tithe.


C. Another thing to point out is you cannot interpret from 1 witness, a witness in this case to cite an example:


Deuteronomy-21:10-14-When you go out to fight against your enemies, and יהוה your Elohim shall give them into your hand, and you shall take them captive, and shall see among the captives a woman fair of form, and shall delight in her and take her for your wife, then you shall bring her home to your house, and she shall shave her head and trim her nails, and put aside the mantle of her captivity, and shall dwell in your house, and mourn her father and her mother a month of days. And after that you shall go in to her and be her husband, and she shall be your wife. “And it shall be, if you are not pleased with her, then you shall let her go at her desire, but you do not sell her at all for silver. Do not treat her harshly, since you have humbled her. -


Now I have encountered that this was about rape, but you would know that isn’t condoned at all if you saw the command in Deuteronomy-22:25-27-“But if a man finds the girl who is engaged in the field, and the man takes hold of her and lies with her, then only the man who lay with her shall die. “But you shall do no matter to the girl. The girl has no sin worthy of death – for the matter is like a man who rises against his neighbour and murders him – a being – for he found her in the field, and she cried out, the engaged girl, but without anyone to save her.


Also it is implied in Deuteronomy-22:23-24-“When a girl who is a maiden is engaged to a husband, and a man finds her in the city and lies with her, then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and shall stone them to death with stones, the girl because she did not cry out in the city, and the man because he has humbled his neighbour’s wife. Thus you shall purge the evil from your midst.


Plus in Genesis-24:55-58-But her brother and her mother said, “Let the young woman stay with us a few days, at least ten, then you go.” And he said to them, “Do not delay me, since יהוה has prospered my way. Let me go so that I go to my master.” And they said, “Let us call the young woman and ask her.” So they called Riḇqah and said to her, “Are you going with this man?” And she said, “I shall go.”


My point is Marriage and sex is done through “free will.” So in Deuteronomy-21:10-14- It is going up against the weight of all this scripture, and also in that account she is given a month to mourn her parents, so she can leave at any time, it also goes on later to say in verse-14- that she is free to leave. It also says in verse-13- that you have to weight 30 days before you have sex with her, so there is no indication that rape is going on.


So what I was demonstrating with small study was that is it is very easy to miss interpret things when you have 1 witness of 4 verses or less, it needs to fit the whole context of scripture otherwise it is miss interpreted.


D. Your next anchor is exegesis, which is just reading the text for what it literally says and not reading into it. Now if you find something that contradicts the torah then it is either false or has to be read into because it is not meant to contradict the torah, or the prophets.


E. Your next anchor is context, context, and finally context! If you read a passage and you see something that seems off, read the entire chapter, and the chapter before in order to gain the appropriate context. Because in Ancient times they didn’t have chapters, they had paragraphs.



F. Your next anchor is to find a practice regarding what you are studying, in other words if you study something and you are finding that scripture is interpreting something the way you think its going, then find an action that supports your claim, this is only in regards to wisdom/ obedience, or finding out if someone was doing an act.


G. Your next anchor is ask critical need to know information, the point I am coming to is the Who’s, the what’s, the where’s, and the How’s, and sometimes the why’s? If you have any of these questions regarding a law or a passage, use the tools that I have given you here.


H. Your final anchor is read the original language, if you cannot read the original language, use a dictionary/ Lexicon it will provide you with an accurate definition of the word, NEVER UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES USE STRONGS AS A DEFINITION GIVER! Because strongs is only concordance that tells you how King James translators translated a word.


2. Topical studies


In regards to these types of studies, you would either take an action, or a law, or something you wish to study, and get all the surrounding area’s that you need to study a particular topic. For example, I am going to do a mock study on adoption in the Torah.


According to rabbinic commentaries that I have heard that make sense, a person who gets adopted is found in Genesis-16:2-And Sarai said to Aḇram, “See, יהוה has kept me from bearing children. Please, go in to my female servant. It might be that I am built up by her.” And Aḇram listened to the voice of Sarai.


Also according to more rabbinic commentaries a man can adopt a son, and he can obtain an inheritance from that adoption- Genesis-15:2-4-And Aḇram said, “Master יהוה, what would You give me, seeing I go childless, and the heir of my house is Eli‛ezer of Dammeseq?” And Aḇram said, “See, You have given me no seed, and see, one born in my house is my heir!” And see, the word of יהוה came to him, saying, “This one is not your heir, but he who comes from your own body is your heir.”


So a person who is adopted has the opportunity to have the inheritance rites.


3. Pardes studies


Pardes is a method of study that illustrates that there are multiple different understandings to a verse, or a passage, however it will never conflict with the plain literal meaning of the text, there are usually 4 understandings to one passage or verse, inside the Talmud they teach that there are 70 faces to the torah.


For instance Deuteronomy-25:4-“Do not muzzle an ox while it is threshing.-


In ancient near east understanding an animal can be a type of person see Daniel-7:17-These great beasts, which are four, are four sovereigns which rise up from the earth.


Or Deuteronomy-23:18-“Do not bring the harlot-fee of a whore or the pay of a dog to the House of יהוה your Elohim for any vowed offering, for both of these are an abomination to יהוה your Elohim.


Anyways one understanding is that that you have to reward a person who does a job for you this is also the intent of blessing those who bless you- Gen-12:3-“And I shall bless those who bless you, and curse him who curses you. And in you all the clans of the earth shall be blessed.”


4. Thematic studies


Here this study, was employed by the vilna of goan a lot, his wisdom was unmatched.


In this type of study you would connect passages together using the same words, and phrases, and actions, and they would need to be in the same themes as well. To give an example of what I am talking about, I will connected 2 passages together, and that will give you an idea.


Deuteronomy-30:15- “See, I have set before you today life and good, and death and evil,


In this section I have highlighted 4 words and they can be thematically connected to a passage in the Torah, that passage is Genesis-2:9-17- And out of the ground יהוה Elohim made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food, with the tree of life in the midst of the garden and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. And a river went out of Ěḏen to water the garden, and from there it divided and became four heads. The name of the first is Pishon, it is the one surrounding the entire land of Ḥawilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good. Bdellium is there, and the shoham stone. And the name of the second river is Giḥon, it is the one surrounding the entire land of Kush. And the name of the third river is Ḥiddeqel, it is the one which goes toward the east of Ashshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates. And יהוה Elohim took the man and put him in the garden of Ěḏen to work it and to guard it. And יהוה Elohim commanded the man, saying, “Eat of every tree of the garden, but do not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for in the day that you eat of it you shall certainly die.”


Now in both sections the children of Israel have to make a choice between these choices, so did Adam and Chavah.


In both sections if they chose right, they lived, but if they didn’t they died. So the thing that you are to choose is life if you want to live, don’t choose good, and don’t choose evil, or death.


I pray these tools bless you.

A study into the 2nd letter from John

A commentary by Matthew, and Shaun






So Matthew and I focused on the first 3 verses of this letter to start off with, so these were our findings, but first allow me to show you the first 3 verses:


Verses-1-3-The elder, to a chosen Kuria and her children, whom I love in truth, and not only I, but also all those who have known the truth, because of the truth which stays in us and shall be with us forever: Favour, compassion, peace be with you from Elohim the Father, and from the Master יהושע Messiah, the Son of the Father, in truth and love.


So Matthew picked up on the fact that he was referring to himself as the elder, because he did the same thing in 3rd Yochanan as well. Which makes sense because around the time this copy was written he would have been in his 90’s or something, so he would have been one of the grand teacher who saw Yeshua face to face, that was alive then. There may have been more, but we don’t know for sure.


Matthew and I both agreed that Kuria was probably a fellowship, and her children would have been people associated in it, see verse-13-The children of your chosen sister greet you. Amen.


Now I pointed out that John made the distinction between the father YHVH, and his son Yeshua in verse-3- Because it was reassure that Yeshua and the father were separate because of verse-7- Because many who are leading astray went out into the world who do not confess יהושע Messiah as coming in the flesh. This one is he who is leading astray and the anti-messiah. Which I will clear later on in this study, anyways lets continue with this study.


verses-4-6-I rejoiced greatly because I found some of your children walking in truth, as we received a command from the Father. And now I ask you, Kuria, not as though I wrote a fresh command to you, but that which we have had from the beginning: that we love one another. And this is the love, that we walk according to His commands. This is the command, that as you have heard from the beginning, you should walk in it.


Matthew and I both agree that this dealing that what Yeshua talked about in John-13:35-'A new commandment I give to you, that ye love one another; according as I did love you, that ye also love one another;- YLT- is talking about the commandments from of old as it says here in these verses in 2nd John. So from I am seeing is that these people that wrote to John are having a problem with people not keeping the commandments.


verse-7-because many leading astray did enter into the world, who are not confessing Jesus Christ coming in flesh; this one is he who is leading astray, and the antichrist.- So according to St. Jerome while the apostles were still surviving the notion was introduced that Yeshua’s body was a phantasm, not a literal body. This belief took on other beliefs such as matter was evil which we see idea’s like this in colossians-2, and spirit was good, so they rejected the crucifixion of Yeshua. So appears both Paul, and John both railed against this pre-doscistist belief. This belief actually has morphed today, but it is still the same belief today, that works/ physical matter bad, and spirit/ laziness good. This was the same belief that influenced our buddy Maricion who invented his own canon of New testament. This is why he was railing against it because they were teaching others not to be obedient to the torah of YHVH.


So in Conclusion this is a straight forward understanding of this letter according to the History, and the letter itself.


שמות- sh’mot- names

Exodus-1:1-6:2, Isaiah-26:6-28:13, and 29:22-23


Things to discuss

1. The midwives lying to Pharaoh- A Study

A. Was their act of lying against the torah?

B. In relation to life taking precedence?

2. YHVH providing households to the Hebrew midwives

A. Is there a consistent reason why YHVH would provide families?

3. Salvation of YHVH- A Study

A. What is “Salvation?”

B. Can a “human being” be YHVH’s agent of “Salvation?”

C. How can a man be the Salvation for our sins?

4. Verse-24- A study

A. What was the covenant YHVH cut with Isaac, and Jacob?

B. What can we learn about the covenant YHVH cut with Avraham?

5. Exodus-3:2-4- The Messenger being identified as YHVH- A Study

A. Why are Messengers identified as YHVH in the text?

B. Could a king be a type of messenger?

C. Is the future king of Israel “YHVH?, and why?

6. Did Yeshua refer to himself being the “Great I AM,” in John-8:58?- A Study

7. Is Israel, the only “Firstborn,” of YHVH?- A Study?


1. The midwives lying to Pharaoh- A Study


A. Was their act lying against the torah?


So notice in chapter-1:15-21- Then the sovereign of Mitsrayim spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Pu‛ah, and he said, “When you deliver the Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstools, if it is a son, then you shall put him to death, but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” But the midwives feared Elohim, and did not do as the sovereign of Mitsrayim commanded them, and kept the male children alive. So the sovereign of Mitsrayim called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this, and kept the male children alive?” And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Mitsrian women. For they are lively and give birth before the midwives come to them.” So Elohim was good to the midwives, and the people increased and became very numerous. And it came to be, because the midwives feared Elohim, that He provided households for them. - So notice in this chapter that Pharaoh commanded the midwives to murder the male children, but they didn’t, in fact later on when confronted with it by the Pharaoh, they lied.


So here’s a question was this against the torah for them to lie to the pharaoh of Egypt?


Well here is the command in Leviticus-19:11-


לא תגנבו ולא תכחשו ולא תשקרו איש בעמיתו-


You will not steal, and you will not deceive, and you will not lie to a man among your people.- So you are not to lie to your people, which in this case would have been the children of Israel since they were hebrew woman, they could lie all they want to the Pharaoh, without it being against a command.


B. In relation to life taking prescidance?


So it was taught to me that the commands get suspended when life takes precedence 2 out the 3 passages to prove it me was found here and Joshua-2, where people lied to support life, now as we know there is no command to lie to those outside your people. So we cannot use these passages to support this doctrine, however there are other passages to support this doctrine, just not these ones.


2. YHVH providing households to the Hebrew


A. Is there a consistent reason why YHVH would provide families?


So here in this passage in verses-15-21- Then the sovereign of Mitsrayim spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Pu‛ah, and he said, “When you deliver the Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstools, if it is a son, then you shall put him to death, but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” But the midwives feared Elohim, and did not do as the sovereign of Mitsrayim commanded them, and kept the male children alive. So the sovereign of Mitsrayim called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this, and kept the male children alive?” And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Mitsrian women. For they are lively and give birth before the midwives come to them.” So Elohim was good to the midwives, and the people increased and became very numerous. And it came to be, because the midwives feared Elohim, that He provided households for them. - So since they protected the lives of the babies, YHVH gave them husbands, and children.


So I brought this up to demonstrate something, that there is an attribute in YHVH’s character where he rewards you for what you have done, it is called “Reciprocal Justice”:


To Show it, the first place I would take you is found in Genesis-27-29- Jacob basically lied to his father Isaac, and later on he was deceived by his father in law Lavan.


So notice here that since they protected the life of children, YHVH provided them with husbands and children of their own.


However there is no evidence that this is a constant idea in the Tanakh completely.


3. Salvation of YHVH- A Study


A. What is “Salvation?”


In Hebrew the word is ישע-yasha- to rescue, deliver- verb-


In Exodus-2:17 we see it used- but the shepherds came and drove them away. Then Mosheh stood up and came to their rescue, and watered their flock. - So Here woman were distress by some shepherds and Moses came to their rescue from physical calamity.


In Exodus-14:30-Thus יהוה saved Yisra’ěl that day out of the hand of the Mitsrites, and Yisra’ěl saw the Mitsrites dead on the seashore. - here in context YHVH opened the sea of reeds and allowed the children of Israel to escape from their pursuers the Egyptians, so YHVH rescued them from physical calamity.


In Judges-3:9- And when the children of Yisra’ěl cried out to יהוה, יהוה raised up a saviour for the children of Yisra’ěl, who saved them: Othni’ěl son of Qenaz, Kalěḇ’s younger brother. - Here the children of Israel did evil in the sight of YHVH, and they were taken into captivity, later on YHVH raised up a man to save them from physical calamity.


So what Salvation is when someone rescues you from a physical calamity, whether it be from sin, or your own circumstances, or whatever.


B. Can a “human being” be YHVH’s agent of “Salvation?”


Now the reason why I ask that is because of the verse in Isaiah-43:11-“I, I am יהוה, and besides Me there is no saviour.


Now the answer to my question is actually a Resounding “YES!” I say this because the scriptures tell me so, and here’s why:


In Judges-2:18- And when יהוה raised up rulers for them, יהוה was with the ruler and saved them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the ruler, for יהוה had compassion on their groaning because of those who oppressed them and crushed them.


Also the same goes for Judges-3:9-And when the children of Yisra’ěl cried out to יהוה, יהוה raised up a saviour for the children of Yisra’ěl, who saved them: Othni’ěl son of Qenaz, Kalěḇ’s younger brother.


And many other places as well.


Now I know what your going to point out that may be true, however no one ever received Glory for it, well is that entirely true let’s go Obadiah for a second.


First it is really important for me to set the context:


in verses-10-14- we learn that children of Israel were in distress, and the nations of Edom didn’t lift a finger to help him- see verses-10-14- Because of your violence against your brother Ya‛aqoḇ, let shame cover you. And you shall be cut off forever. In the day that you stood on the other side, in the day that strangers took captive his wealth, when foreigners entered his gates and cast lots for Yerushalayim, you also were like one of them! “And you should not have looked on your brother’s day in the day of his estrangement, nor rejoiced over the children of Yehuḏah in the day of their destruction, nor made your mouth great in the day of distress, nor have entered the gate of My people in the day of their calamity, nor looked down on their evil in the day of their calamity, nor have seized their wealth in the day of their calamity, nor have stood at the parting of the way to cut off his fugitives, nor handed over his survivors in the day of distress.


So YHVH lets them know what they set out to do will be vanity, and Israel, and their rescuers will be at the mountain of YHVH and will judge the mountains of Esav- verse-21-And saviours shall come to Mount Tsiyon to judge the mountains of Ěsaw. And the reign shall belong to יהוה.


So as we see a human can be called a savior.


C. How can a man be the Salvation for our sins?


As most of you know my belief is that Yeshua’s death didn’t affect our sins, or reverse them, if anything what occurred was his death inspired the disciples to not be afraid of death, and desire to be more obedient, because now they knew the resurrection from the dead was a fact, it wasn’t a story/ myth anymore, they knew it was real, plus he they trusted he was the King, they trusted that the king was coming back.


Now how someone’s death can save us from our sins, is basically as such if we can repent from our sins, that salvation has occurred, indirectly as a result of his death, we see an idea somewhat like this when Pinchas killed the people having sex near the tabernacle in Numbers-25, because his killing those people caused the people to stop sinning.


But that is not the only way, a person can do a righteous act, and that act causes the people to desire to want to do right by YHVH. Now with all that said is the messiah supposed to be the salvation of Israel?


In an indirect sense this is the case, because according to Jeremiah-31:31-33- “See, the days are coming,” declares יהוה, “when I shall make a renewed covenant with the house of Yisra’ěl and with the house of Yehuḏah, not like the covenant I made with their fathers in the day when I strengthened their hand to bring them out of the land of Mitsrayim, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them,” declares יהוה. For this is the covenant I shall make with the house of Yisra’ěl after those days, declares יהוה: I shall put My Torah in their inward parts, and write it on their hearts. And I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people. - We shall have the torah on our hearts, then.


Now I am not saying that the king’s coming only causes the people to turn from sin, no you can turn from your own sin and not need the future king at all, I am only pointing out that in the messianic age it will be easier to obey YHVH because the messiah will be ruling the world from Jerusalem see Psalm-2:6-8-“But I, I have set My Sovereign on Tsiyon, My set-apart mountain.” “I inscribe for a law: יהוה has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have brought You forth. Ask of Me, and I make the nations Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth Your possession.



4. Verse-24- A study


verse-24-And Elohim heard their groaning, and Elohim remembered His covenant with Aḇraham, with Yitsḥaq, and with Ya‛aqoḇ.


A. What was the covenant YHVH cut with Isaac, and Jacob?


He actually cut no covenant with them, however they YHVH cut a covenant with Avraham, and Isaac, and Jacob had the same covenant that YHVH cut with Avraham in Genesis-15.


B. What can we learn about the covenant YHVH cut with Avraham?


Well now that we understand from this verse that the covenant YHVH cut with Avraham was in effect in the days before they went to Sinai, it begs the question how so?


Well the covenant stipulations were as follows Genesis-15:13-18- And He said to Aḇram, “Know for certain that your seed are to be sojourners in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years. “But the nation whom they serve I am going to judge, and afterward let them come out with great possessions. “Now as for you, you are to go to your fathers in peace, you are to be buried at a good old age. “Then, in the fourth generation they shall return here, for the crookedness of the Amorites is not yet complete.” And it came to be, when the sun went down and it was dark, that see, a smoking oven and a burning torch passing between those pieces. On the same day יהוה made a covenant with Aḇram, saying, “I have given this land to your seed, from the river of Mitsrayim to the great river, the River Euphrates,


I believe the covenant was that he was going to become a great and mighty Nation, because that was one of the promises YHVH promised in Genesis-12:1-3, and to go in the land and take it, as we see here. So the point is the reason why the covenant was in effect is because the they had to build a nation, otherwise the law/ torah would have been given then, that is why the law/ torah wasn’t given then.


5. Exodus-3:2-4- The Messenger being identified as YHVH- A Study


Now before I get into this I have to preface this study with a warning, this study is going to knock some of your sacred pillars if you believe Yeshua is YHVH in the flesh.


In Exodus-3:2-4-And the Messenger of יהוה appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. And he looked and saw the bush burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed. And Mosheh said, “Let me turn aside now, and see this great sight, why the bush does not burn.” And יהוה saw that he turned aside to see, and Elohim called to him from the midst of the bush and said, “Mosheh! Mosheh!” And he said, “Here I am.”


A. Why is this Messenger identified as YHVH in the text?


The best reason I can come up with is found in Psalm-118:26- Blessed is He who is coming in the Name of יהוה! We shall bless you from the House of יהוה.- the point is the messenger is sent on behalf/ authority of the king and is doing works in service to a certain king.


But notice that this is identified as a messenger, it is a concept called dual equivalence, we see this idea found also in Deuteronomy-31:6-7- “Be strong and courageous, do not fear nor be afraid of them. For it is יהוה your Elohim who is going with you. He does not fail you nor forsake you.” And Mosheh called Yehoshua and said to him before the eyes of all Yisra’ěl, “Be strong and courageous, for you are going with this people to the land which יהוה has sworn to their fathers to give them, and you are to let them inherit it.


But it doesn’t have only work that way it can also work through where it let’s you know that this is messenger, but we understand that it actually isn’t YHVH see Genesis-18:1-2- And יהוה appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamrě, while he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day. So he lifted his eyes and looked, and saw three men standing opposite him. And when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground,


B. Could a king be a type of messenger?


Actually yes! And here’s why because a messenger is basically a servant to a king who sends a message or does something in service to a king, the king of Israel would be known as a messenger of YHVH, this is why the king of Israel was known as “YHVH our righteousness”


Jeremiah-23:5-6-“See, the days are coming,” declares יהוה, “when I shall raise for Dawiḏ a Branch of righteousness, and a Sovereign shall reign and act wisely, and shall do right-ruling and righteousness in the earth. “In His days Yehuḏah shall be saved, and Yisra’ěl dwell safely. And this is His Name whereby He shall be called: ‘יהוה our Righteousness.


And this is why in Philippians-2:5-7- For, let this mind be in you which was also in Messiah יהושע, who, being in the form of Elohim, did not regard equality with Elohim a matter to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a servant, and came to be in the likeness of men.- It is worded as such, because YHVH gave him the authority to be likened unto him, he was in the expressed image of YHVH, we see the same concept in Colossians-1:15- who is the likeness of the invisible Elohim, the first-born of all creation.


The same is found also when Yeshua said “I and my father, are one.”


Now I know what your going to point out, okay Shaun you have proven that this idea, but how do we know the messiah/ king will be a human being, it could be he’s YHVH, and your not being honest with the text.


C. Is the future king of Israel “YHVH?, and why? No he isn’t.


Well bear this in mind in Jeremiah-33:15-17-In those days and at that time I cause a Branch of righteousness to spring forth for Dawiḏ. And He shall do right-ruling and righteousness in the earth. In those days Yehuḏah shall be saved, and Yerushalayim dwell in safety. And this is that which shall be proclaimed to her: ‘יהוה our Righteousness.’ “For thus said יהוה, ‘For Dawiḏ there is not to cease a man to sit on the throne of the house of Yisra’ěl. - The point is the word for man in Hebrew is איש-iysh- and it means a mortal, genetic born human being.


Also in 1 Timothy-2:5- For there is one Elohim, and one Mediator between Elohim and men, the Man Messiah יהושע,- Even Paul here thought he was a human being.


Even Yeshua never thought he was YHVH


see Matthew-19:16-17-And see, one came and said to Him, “Good Teacher, what good shall I do to have everlasting life?” And He said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except One – Elohim. But if you wish to enter into life, guard the commands.”


So I hope this gives you a better idea of who/ what our messiah is.


6. Did Yeshua refer to himself being the “Great I AM,” in John-8:58?- A Study


Okay so no he didn’t refer to himself as this, and I will demonstrate my case for why:


In the Greek in John-8:58- according to biblical unitarian on Youtube, and also an impeccable greek scholar, I might add:


The Greek is εγω ειμι – most literally means “I exist”


It can be translated as I am:


See Matthew-22:32- I am the Elohim of Aḇraham, and the Elohim of Yitsḥaq, and the Elohim of Ya‛aqoḇ’? Elohim is not the Elohim of the dead, but of the living.”


and Matthew-28:20-teaching them to guard all that I have commanded you. And see, I am with you always, until the end of the age.” Aměn.


But that isn’t the only way to translate it.


It has also been translated as follows in Matthew-26:22-And they were deeply grieved, and began to say to Him, each of them, “Master, is it I?”


Also Luke-24:39-“See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself. Handle Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see I have.”


The point is according to this guy John-8:58, doesn’t have to be translated as “I AM,” It can be translated as I was, like the concept of him was started even before Abraham was born, and that would true because of Genesis-1:3- And Elohim said, “Let light come to be,” and light came to be. - Now I will tell you why this is an idiom for the messiah in another parashat, I don’t want to get off on a bunny trail, but just know that I can back this up.


In John-8:58- The Greek is also past tense this guy pointed out in this verse, now the verse in Exodus-3:14- And Elohim said to Mosheh, “I am that which I am.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Yisra’ěl, ‘I am has sent me to you.’ ”


Now the Hebrew reads as such: איה אשר איה- I will be what I will be- it is future focused, so as we see Yeshua wasn’t saying he was the great “I AM.” Because the one is past tense, while this is future focused, also according to this scholar most of the translators are trinitarians, so of course this bias comes through in the translation.


Also this can mean “Before Abraham was born, I was the appointed king.”


Now the reason why they picked stones to kill him if he would have done this falsely, is because in their mind it would have the sin of Qorach, encroachment upon the throne, which is a death penalty thing.


So we see these are my reasons why it has nothing to do with him being YHVH at all.


7. Is Israel, the only “Firstborn,” of YHVH?- A Study?

Finally the final study, with these lessons, I just wish people would spend a year reading the Psalms, because they are very revealing, with this said, lets read Psalm-89:20-27-


I have found My servant Dawiḏ; With My set-apart oil I anointed him, “With whom My hand is established; My arm also strengthens him. “No enemy subjects him to tribute, And no son of wickedness afflicts him. “And I shall beat down His adversaries before his face, And plague those who hate him. “But My trustworthiness And My loving-commitment are with him, And in My Name his horn is exalted. “And I shall set his hand on the sea, And his right hand on the rivers. “He calls out to Me, ‘You are my Father, My Ěl, and the rock of my deliverance.’ “, “I also appoint him first-born, Highest of the sovereigns of the earth. - So here King David is the “First Born,” of YHVH, so how does that work since Israel is YHVH’s firstborn?


Okay first we have to point out what a first born is, according to Deuteronomy-21:15-17- “When a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and they have borne him children, both the loved and the unloved, and the first-born son is of her who is unloved, then it shall be, on the day he makes his sons to inherit his possessions, he is not allowed to treat the son of the beloved wife as first-born in the face of the son of the unloved, who is truly the first-born. “But he is to acknowledge the son of the unloved wife as the first-born by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he is the beginning of his strength – the right of the first-born is his. - So a firstborn according to the text here, is one who gets the inheritance rites to property of some kind, according to the torah here.


Anyways the children of Israel were given a property, and it was the land of Israel, in fact, the same language is used here in Exodus-23:30-“Little by little I shall drive them out from before you, until you have increased, and you inherit the land.


And Exodus-32:13-“Remember Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq, and Yisra’ěl, Your servants, to whom You swore by Yourself, and said to them, ‘I increase your seed like the stars of the heavens. And all this land that I have spoken of I give to your seed, and they shall inherit it forever.’ ” - So they are only the firstborn in connection to the land of Israel, which they get as an inheritance.


Now in regards to Psalm-89:20-27, something that has to be pointed out is found in verse-27-“I also appoint him first-born, Highest of the sovereigns of the earth. - Now the point is this is pointing out that “King David,” is highest of the kings of the earth, in other words he rules over the other Nations lands as Psalm-2:6-8-“But I, I have set My Sovereign on Tsiyon, My set-apart mountain.” “I inscribe for a law: יהוה has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have brought You forth. Ask of Me, and I make the nations Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth Your possession.


My point is Psalm-2:6-8- is teaching about a different idea of firstborn, because the people of Israel don’t rule over nations lands, the authority is given to their king, who would rule over the other nations lands, and it uses the same language for inheritance as it did in Deuteronomy-21:15-17. So the king of Israel can be a firstborn, and this is a different idea then Israel being the firstborn of YHVH.