וארא

- And I appeared

Exodus-6:2-9:35, Ezekiel-28:25-29:21

 

Things to discuss

1. Exodus-6:3- A study

A. What’s in a name?

B. Now let’s talk about YHVH appearing at all in any capacity?

C. How did YHVH appear to them as “El Shaddai,” and what can we learn from it?

2. YHVH redeeming his people out of Egypt, and what that means concretely today?

3. What is the hardening of the heart?- A study

A. What exactly is the hardening of Pharaoh’s heart, and what can we learn from it?

4. Sin- A study

A. What is sin?

B. What does it effect?

5. אביב-aviv- a study

A. What exactly does aviv mean, and why?

B. When does the calendar start?

 

1. Exodus-6:3- A study

 

So before we get into this study of the 3rd verse in Exodus chapter-6, I want to display the hebrew of that verse- וארא אל אברהם אל יצחק ואל יעקב באל שדי שמי יהוה לא נודעתי- And I appeared unto Avraham, unto Yitzchakh, and unto ya’aqov as El Shaddai, but my name YHVH was not known.

 

A. What’s in a name?

 

So here it is definitive they didn’t YHVH’s name at all, in fact I have read scholarly reports that say he was only known as “El” a Canaanite deity. However the problem I have with this assertion. The problems are as follows they had temples devoted to the worship of El, however you don’t see Abraham going to those temples to sleep with the temple prostitutes, or Isaac, or Jacob for that matter, in fact in Genesis-35:1-2-And Elohim said to Ya‛aqoḇ, “Arise, go up to Běyth Ěl and dwell there. And make a slaughter-place there to Ěl who appeared to you when you fled from the face of Ěsaw your brother.” And Ya‛aqoḇ said to his household and to all who were with him, “Put away the foreign mighty ones that are among you, and cleanse yourselves, and change your garments.

 

And according to my study last week in last weeks paragraph the covenant was given, but the law wasn’t given to his seed until they get to Mt.Sinai, and since YHVH said because Abraham followed my commandments, statutes, and instructions- Genesis-26:4-5. Then I would say YHVH gave him some form of law, and not to follow the Gods of that world.

 

Anyways with that said, let’s dive into what’s in a name. So notice YHVH appeared to them as El Shaddai, but the name of YHVH was not known to them, I have a question how could that be a factual statement, when they said his name literally?

 

Avraham- Genesis-14:22-But Aḇram said to the sovereign of Seḏom, “I have lifted my hand to יהוה, the Most High Ěl, the Possessor of the heavens and earth,

 

Ya’aqov- Genesis-27:20- But Yitsḥaq said to his son, “How is it that you have found it so quickly, my son?” And he said, “Because יהוה your Elohim brought it to me.

 

Yitzchakh- Genesis-27:27- And he came near and kissed him. And he smelled the smell of his garments, and blessed him and said, “See, the smell of my son is like the smell of a field which יהוה has blessed.

 

So how can this be a factual statement? Well the truth is the word שם-shem- can actually mean name, but it doesn’t have to, it can also mean character as well, we see this in:

 

Genesis-6:4- The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of Elohim came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, the men of name.

 

And Numbers-16:2-and they rose up before Mosheh with some of the children of Yisra’ěl, two hundred and fifty leaders of the congregation, called ones of the meeting, men of name.

 

Also another thing to point out is the word “to know,” is ידע-yada- to know. Now there are 2 words for “knowing.”

 

דעת-da’at- knowledge- non action word

ידע- yada- to know- action word- prim. Root. - So this is the type of knowledge that requires action.

 

Plus the other thing is this word is also for sex in Genesis-4:1-And Aḏam knew Ḥawwah his wife, and she conceived and bore Qayin, and said, “I have gained a man, יהוה.

 

So the fame of YHVH’s character had not gone out, much less been awknowledged, but the fame of El shaddai did, but it wasn’t like they didn’t know his name, but it has more to do with works attributed to YHVH.

 

B. Now let’s talk about YHVH appearing at all in any capacity?

 

So I will state this, I have the opinion that YHVH will not appear on earth, that he never has, and never will, and here’s why:

 

John-1:18- No one has ever seen Elohim. The only brought-forth Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He did declare.

 

John-5:37-“And the Father who sent Me, He bore witness of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form.

 

1st John-4:12-No one has seen Elohim at any time. If we love one another, Elohim does stay in us, and His love has been perfected in us.

 

Now why did they, and I believe this? For starters it is my opinion that the torah is not just the law of YHVH’s covenant with Israel, but it is also his character, meaning if we are going to do this, he himself is going to this and it is based off of a verse in Leviticus-19:2-“Speak to all the congregation of the children of Yisra’ěl, and say to them, ‘Be set-apart, for I יהוה your Elohim am set-apart. - which according to these passages, we see that these are works, which according to my opinion he himself would do these works.

 

For instance since we are not to murder our children to Molekh, he himself would not murder his children for religious purposes at all, because of this verse here.

 

If he wants us to not to put stumbling blocks before the blind, that means he will not based off this verse. Which we see this idea in Numbers-23:19- "Ěl is not a man, to lie; nor a son of man, to repent! Has He said, and would He not do it; or spoken, and would not confirm it?

 

And since we see a command in the torah that you are not to build images in the heavens above, etc. etc. Then you really believe he would deceive/ put a stumbling block before the children of Israel to build images of a godman? I mean in Exodus-32- they worshiped Mosheh through the golden calf, and it didn’t please him at all.

 

We also see this idea in Exodus-20:4-5, and in Deuteronomy-4:12-16- This was why he didn’t show his form at all, because it make it easier on the children to not build images of god men.

Now of course you could point out YHVH tests his people, and that is true, but only to an extant, always through the hands of a messenger- see Deuteronomy-13, the point is YHVH wouldn’t appear on earth himself to test you himself if you would build images of him, but his character is that he would get a messenger to do his work, the messenger is not him.

 

So what did they see? more then likely it was a messenger, since they could be identified as YHVH in the text.

 

C. How did YHVH appear to them as “El Shaddai,” and what can we learn from it?

 

So for starters the word shaddai comes from the another word שוד-shud- breast- more appropriately to suck- by implication of giving birth/ nursing- (BDB)

 

So this is the fame of YHVH, where people were having lots of children, which makes sense because in Abraham and Isaac, and Jacob’s time they were building a Nation. In Mosheh’s time period this was when they going to be introduced to YHVH’s fame, the covenant keeping God.

 

Anyways the other thing I want to point out regarding this is there is another faction in our time period called “Sacred Namers.” Where they don’t allow people to speak the name of YHVH at all, because you will be saying the name of some pagan deity unless you know it.

 

It is based off of another command in exodus-23:13- “And in all that I have said to you take heed. And make no mention of the name of other mighty ones, let it not be heard from your mouth.

 

However let’s see what the hebrew says, and translate it:

 

ושם אלהים אחרים לא תזכירו לא ישמע על פיך- And the character of other mighty-ones, you will not make a remembrance of, they will not be heard on your mouth.

 

Now the reason why I translated it as such, is because for starters,

 

Numbers-25:3-Thus Yisra’ěl was joined to Ba‛al Pe‛or, and the displeasure of יהוה burned against Yisra’ěl. - A false God was mentioned here.

 

Leviticus-20:2- “Say to the children of Yisra’ěl, ‘Any man of the children of Yisra’ěl, or of the strangers who sojourn in Yisra’ěl, who gives any of his offspring to Moleḵ, shall certainly be put to death. The people of the land shall stone him with stones. - Anyways the point is YHVH told Mosheh to “supposedly violate this command to all the children of Israel.”

 

And before you say Moses was more set-apart then we were, so he could. The reason why that doesn’t work is because there is no command/ instruction that dictates people like the prophets could say the names of other gods but not us. Anyways my point regarding this command is that it has to be looked at as you are not allowed to praise them/ vow in their name, but you are allowed to say their names, saying the name means nothing. We see this idea also here in this application as well, you don’t need to say the name of YHVH perfectly otherwise you are saying the name of a pagan god.

 

Now I will be intellectually honest here, I don’t say the name at all, because I view YHVH as my father, now do people say the name’s of their parents when talking to them? Of course not, its a sign of respect.

 

2. YHVH redeeming his people out of Egypt, and what that means concretely today?

 

So notice in this section that the reason why YHVH is doing this is so that he can redeem his people out of Egypt, out of a nation where they were slaves. This idea is the same concept today, where we have taxes, prisons, insurance companies, vaccines, banks, etc.

 

The point is our system is a system that is built around debt, and subjugation, however we can rest assure that the system YHVH set up is not built around this, in fact the system is based off of restoration. Plus, we can rest assured that the anointed one of YHVH will come, and that our redemption draws nigh.

 

For instance all across history, in every part of the globe show me where there would be a cancellation of all debts people have toward one another every 70 years see Leviticus-25. Or how about a system where there no prisons, or no lawyers for that matter, or even a system that allows for personal debt between one person and another to be canceled every 7 years- see Exodus-21:2-6, and Deuteronomy-15:1-5.

 

3. What is the hardening of the heart?- A study

 

A. What exactly is the hardening of Pharaoh’s heart,and what can we learn from it?

 

The Hebrew reads in Exodus-7:3- ואני אקשה את לב פרעה- And I will make stubborn the heart of Pharaoh.

 

The word I have underlined is קשה-qashah- according to the (BDB)- to be hard, or treat cruelly- almost like to be overbearing on an object or person, as a representation of this word, we see this idea in these listed occurrences:

 

2 Samuel-19:43- And the men of Yisra’ěl answered the men of Yehuḏah, and said, “We have ten parts in the sovereign, and in Dawiḏ too, we have more than you. Why then did you despise us? Was it not our advice first to bring back our sovereign?” But the words of the men of Yehuḏah were harsher than the words of the men of Yisra’ěl.

 

And Genesis-35:17-And it came to be, as she was having great difficulty giving birth, that the midwife said to her, “Do not fear, for it is another son for you.”

 

The point is according to the usage of this word the way YHVH hardened his heart is through circumstances, because this word is never used within the context of spiritual hardening that was outside your control. In fact the rest of these 2 verses confirms it see verses-3-4-“But I am going to harden the heart of Pharaoh, and shall increase My signs and My wonders in the land of Mitsrayim. “And Pharaoh is not going to listen to you, and I shall lay My hand on Mitsrayim, and bring My divisions and My people, the children of Yisra’ěl, out of the land of Mitsrayim by great judgments.

 

Now lets if this definition stays true.

 

There is also another word YHVH uses to harden the hearts which is as follows:

 

In Exodus-7:13- ויחזק לב פרעה- And the heart of Pharaoh was squeezed

 

The word חזק-chazaq- to squeeze with great strength- verb- prim. Root

 

See Genesis-19:16- And while he loitered, the men took hold of his hand, and his wife’s hand, and the hands of his two daughters, יהוה having compassion on him, and they brought him out and set him outside the city.

 

See Genesis-21:18-“Arise, lift up the boy and hold him with your hand, for I make a great nation of him.”

 

And finally Genesis-41:56-And the scarcity of food was over all the face of the earth, and Yosěph opened all the storehouses and sold to the Mitsrites. And the scarcity of food was severe in the land of Mitsrayim.

 

The point is YHVH is squeezing his heart, almost as if he is putting it through a meat grinder, and depressing him, and we see that later on because it uses the word heavy, as if YHVH made his heart heavy from depression.

 

Now I want you to factor this into your thinking, your Pharaoh king of Egypt the most Powerful nation in the known world. You are worshiped as a god in said nation, your gods are mocked, and this criminal/ shepherd is humiliating you and everyone in your court, now you have to save face some how right? With all that in mind are you going to submit to the warnings of someone like Mosheh? I thought not.

 

Anyways in conclusion what the hardening of the heart is when you are stubborn and refuse to stop sinning, until it becomes your new reality, we see this concept in 1 Timothy-4:1-5-And the Spirit expressly speaketh, that in latter times shall certain fall away from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and teachings of demons, in hypocrisy speaking lies, being seared in their own conscience, forbidding to marry to abstain from meats that God created to be received with thanksgiving by those believing and acknowledging the truth, because every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be rejected, with thanksgiving being received, or it is sanctified through the word of God and intercession.

 

4. Sin- A study

 

A. What is sin?

 

So let’s ask this question what is Sin, not according to the New Testament, but according to the Ancient near east, because obviously Pharaoh knew what sin was here in chapter-9:27- Pharaoh then sent and called for Mosheh and for Aharon, and said to them, “I have sinned this time. יהוה is righteous, and my people and I are wrong.

 

So the very first occurrence of it is found in Genesis-4:7-“Is it not if you do good, you are to be accepted? And if you do not do good, towards the door is a sin. It is lying and towards you is its desire, and you must rule over it.”- Because YHVH was warning him about that he was going to go astray from his “intended will.”

 

So what is it exactly? I mean its obvious that YHVH had a will for them, otherwise sin wouldn’t be mentioned here, much less a concept, also look at the surrounding verbage, Qayin obviously went astray from the intended will of YHVH.

 

Plus since חטא-chata- means to miss the mark.

 

The next occurrence is found in Genesis-18:20-And יהוה said, “Because the outcry against Seḏom and Amorah is great, and because their sin is very heavy, - The same thing here, - YHVH was letting him know that he was letting him know that Sodom already because they went astray from his intended will as well.

 

The next occurrence is found in Genesis-31:36-And Ya‛aqoḇ was wroth and contended with Laḇan, and Ya‛aqoḇ answered and said to Laḇan, “What is my transgression? What is my sin, that you have hotly pursued me? - Here he is wondering how has he wrong him.

 

There is also a verb form if this word found in Genesis-20:6-And Elohim said to him in a dream, “Yes, I know that you did this in the integrity of your heart, and so I kept you from sinning against Me. For this reason I did not let you touch her. - Here it is used as a wronging of some kind.

 

There is also another occurrence of the noun form in Genesis-50:17- This is what you are to say to Yosěph, “I beg you, please forgive the transgression of your brothers and their sin, for they did evil to you.” ’ And now, please forgive the transgression of the servants of the Elohim of your father.” And Yosěph wept when they spoke to him. - The same thing here.

 

Anyways from this it seems in these verses what sin seems to be is missing the mark from the intended will of YHVH, or another way to put is rebellion of the torah, since his is not different from the torah.

 

B. What does its affects effect?

 

Anyways since I am not of the opinion that YHVH changes his character see Malachi-3:6-For I am יהוה, I shall not change, and you, O sons of Ya‛aqoḇ, shall not come to an end.

 

And since he is the God of life for instance:

 

His torah encourages people to marry and have children, and his torah doesn’t allow for much debt within it, and since his torah doesn’t allow for human sacrifice, much less it more focused on how you treat your fellow man. To continue proving my point since you get a good diet for your body, I would say this is the God of life.

 

Plus since the curses listed in Deuteronomy-28 for disobedience of this torah we learn that the curses are things that lead to death. This would have been Paul’s concept of the law of sin and death.

 

It is basically missing the mark from the intended will of YHVH, and wronging him which leads to bad circumstances in life. It is not this pseudo spiritual concept of arrows that affect’s your soul and hinders you from going to heaven. No it is a character flaw within a person that needs to be changed if you desire to be like YHVH, and succeed in the deeds of life.

 

Now sin can affect the other Nations if YHVH gives them a command to follow, we this idea in Jonah- when he wanted them to repent from their issues so that they could be left alive to chasten Israel later on. We also see this idea in Obadiah where YHVH lets the nations of Esav know they will judged, etc.

 

5. אביב-aviv- a study

 

A. What exactly does aviv mean, and why?

 

So according to the (BDB) it means “in ear”- referring to barley, and grain, specifically also “green shoots.” because of the root- אבב- avav- to be fresh, green plants, etc.

 

The reason why it is specifically “green shoots,” is because of the 2 occurrences of the verb form אבב-avav-

 

Job-8:12-While it is yet green, not cut down, it dries out before any plant. - (The opposite of drying is fresh plants)

 

And Song of songs-6:11- I went down to the garden of nuts To see the budding of the wadi, To see whether the vine had budded and the pomegranates had bloomed. - Here plants are near a נחל-nachal- cove- (i.e. they will be green plants)

 

And since aviv is noun form of this word and since it is only used with barley- see Exodus-9:31- And the flax and the barley were struck, for the barley was in the head and the flax was in bud.

 

Plus the word aviv is used of grain in Leviticus-2:14- ‘And if you bring a grain offering of your first-fruits to יהוה, bring for the grain offering of your first-fruits green heads of grain roasted on the fire, crushed heads of new grain.

 

It is never used of anything else besides barley, and grain, and since there are other words that mean in bud/ bloom etc. This can only be used for both barley and grain, plus barley does turn a greenish hew when they are in bud this makes sense.

 

In regards to how I know it is barley this explanation was given to me partially in the talmud in menachot 68b:20-

 

its in chapter-9:31-32-And the flax and the barley were struck, for the barley was in the head and the flax was in bud. - This was around the time that the passover was going to be done, it was at least a few days away, and since it is month of aviv, and the passover is a feast of remembrance, we also have to do it at a time when the barley is in head.

 

B. When does the calendar start?

 

So when the calendar start is around March or April, when the barley is in ear.