שמות- sh’mot- names

Exodus-1:1-6:2, Isaiah-26:6-28:13, and 29:22-23

 

Things to discuss

1. The midwives lying to Pharaoh- A Study

A. Was their act of lying against the torah?

B. In relation to life taking precedence?

2. YHVH providing households to the Hebrew midwives

A. Is there a consistent reason why YHVH would provide families?

3. Salvation of YHVH- A Study

A. What is “Salvation?”

B. Can a “human being” be YHVH’s agent of “Salvation?”

C. How can a man be the Salvation for our sins?

4. Verse-24- A study

A. What was the covenant YHVH cut with Isaac, and Jacob?

B. What can we learn about the covenant YHVH cut with Avraham?

5. Exodus-3:2-4- The Messenger being identified as YHVH- A Study

A. Why are Messengers identified as YHVH in the text?

B. Could a king be a type of messenger?

C. Is the future king of Israel “YHVH?, and why?

6. Did Yeshua refer to himself being the “Great I AM,” in John-8:58?- A Study

7. Is Israel, the only “Firstborn,” of YHVH?- A Study?

 

1. The midwives lying to Pharaoh- A Study

 

A. Was their act lying against the torah?

 

So notice in chapter-1:15-21- Then the sovereign of Mitsrayim spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Pu‛ah, and he said, “When you deliver the Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstools, if it is a son, then you shall put him to death, but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” But the midwives feared Elohim, and did not do as the sovereign of Mitsrayim commanded them, and kept the male children alive. So the sovereign of Mitsrayim called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this, and kept the male children alive?” And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Mitsrian women. For they are lively and give birth before the midwives come to them.” So Elohim was good to the midwives, and the people increased and became very numerous. And it came to be, because the midwives feared Elohim, that He provided households for them. - So notice in this chapter that Pharaoh commanded the midwives to murder the male children, but they didn’t, in fact later on when confronted with it by the Pharaoh, they lied.

 

So here’s a question was this against the torah for them to lie to the pharaoh of Egypt?

 

Well here is the command in Leviticus-19:11-

 

לא תגנבו ולא תכחשו ולא תשקרו איש בעמיתו-

 

You will not steal, and you will not deceive, and you will not lie to a man among your people.- So you are not to lie to your people, which in this case would have been the children of Israel since they were hebrew woman, they could lie all they want to the Pharaoh, without it being against a command.

 

B. In relation to life taking prescidance?

 

So it was taught to me that the commands get suspended when life takes precedence 2 out the 3 passages to prove it me was found here and Joshua-2, where people lied to support life, now as we know there is no command to lie to those outside your people. So we cannot use these passages to support this doctrine, however there are other passages to support this doctrine, just not these ones.

 

2. YHVH providing households to the Hebrew

 

A. Is there a consistent reason why YHVH would provide families?

 

So here in this passage in verses-15-21- Then the sovereign of Mitsrayim spoke to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of one was Shiphrah and the name of the other Pu‛ah, and he said, “When you deliver the Hebrew women, and see them on the birthstools, if it is a son, then you shall put him to death, but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” But the midwives feared Elohim, and did not do as the sovereign of Mitsrayim commanded them, and kept the male children alive. So the sovereign of Mitsrayim called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this, and kept the male children alive?” And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Mitsrian women. For they are lively and give birth before the midwives come to them.” So Elohim was good to the midwives, and the people increased and became very numerous. And it came to be, because the midwives feared Elohim, that He provided households for them. - So since they protected the lives of the babies, YHVH gave them husbands, and children.

 

So I brought this up to demonstrate something, that there is an attribute in YHVH’s character where he rewards you for what you have done, it is called “Reciprocal Justice”:

 

To Show it, the first place I would take you is found in Genesis-27-29- Jacob basically lied to his father Isaac, and later on he was deceived by his father in law Lavan.

 

So notice here that since they protected the life of children, YHVH provided them with husbands and children of their own.

 

However there is no evidence that this is a constant idea in the Tanakh completely.

 

3. Salvation of YHVH- A Study

 

A. What is “Salvation?”

 

In Hebrew the word is ישע-yasha- to rescue, deliver- verb-

 

In Exodus-2:17 we see it used- but the shepherds came and drove them away. Then Mosheh stood up and came to their rescue, and watered their flock. - So Here woman were distress by some shepherds and Moses came to their rescue from physical calamity.

 

In Exodus-14:30-Thus יהוה saved Yisra’ěl that day out of the hand of the Mitsrites, and Yisra’ěl saw the Mitsrites dead on the seashore. - here in context YHVH opened the sea of reeds and allowed the children of Israel to escape from their pursuers the Egyptians, so YHVH rescued them from physical calamity.

 

In Judges-3:9- And when the children of Yisra’ěl cried out to יהוה, יהוה raised up a saviour for the children of Yisra’ěl, who saved them: Othni’ěl son of Qenaz, Kalěḇ’s younger brother. - Here the children of Israel did evil in the sight of YHVH, and they were taken into captivity, later on YHVH raised up a man to save them from physical calamity.

 

So what Salvation is when someone rescues you from a physical calamity, whether it be from sin, or your own circumstances, or whatever.

 

B. Can a “human being” be YHVH’s agent of “Salvation?”

 

Now the reason why I ask that is because of the verse in Isaiah-43:11-“I, I am יהוה, and besides Me there is no saviour.

 

Now the answer to my question is actually a Resounding “YES!” I say this because the scriptures tell me so, and here’s why:

 

In Judges-2:18- And when יהוה raised up rulers for them, יהוה was with the ruler and saved them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the ruler, for יהוה had compassion on their groaning because of those who oppressed them and crushed them.

 

Also the same goes for Judges-3:9-And when the children of Yisra’ěl cried out to יהוה, יהוה raised up a saviour for the children of Yisra’ěl, who saved them: Othni’ěl son of Qenaz, Kalěḇ’s younger brother.

 

And many other places as well.

 

Now I know what your going to point out that may be true, however no one ever received Glory for it, well is that entirely true let’s go Obadiah for a second.

 

First it is really important for me to set the context:

 

in verses-10-14- we learn that children of Israel were in distress, and the nations of Edom didn’t lift a finger to help him- see verses-10-14- Because of your violence against your brother Ya‛aqoḇ, let shame cover you. And you shall be cut off forever. In the day that you stood on the other side, in the day that strangers took captive his wealth, when foreigners entered his gates and cast lots for Yerushalayim, you also were like one of them! “And you should not have looked on your brother’s day in the day of his estrangement, nor rejoiced over the children of Yehuḏah in the day of their destruction, nor made your mouth great in the day of distress, nor have entered the gate of My people in the day of their calamity, nor looked down on their evil in the day of their calamity, nor have seized their wealth in the day of their calamity, nor have stood at the parting of the way to cut off his fugitives, nor handed over his survivors in the day of distress.

 

So YHVH lets them know what they set out to do will be vanity, and Israel, and their rescuers will be at the mountain of YHVH and will judge the mountains of Esav- verse-21-And saviours shall come to Mount Tsiyon to judge the mountains of Ěsaw. And the reign shall belong to יהוה.

 

So as we see a human can be called a savior.

 

C. How can a man be the Salvation for our sins?

 

As most of you know my belief is that Yeshua’s death didn’t affect our sins, or reverse them, if anything what occurred was his death inspired the disciples to not be afraid of death, and desire to be more obedient, because now they knew the resurrection from the dead was a fact, it wasn’t a story/ myth anymore, they knew it was real, plus he they trusted he was the King, they trusted that the king was coming back.

 

Now how someone’s death can save us from our sins, is basically as such if we can repent from our sins, that salvation has occurred, indirectly as a result of his death, we see an idea somewhat like this when Pinchas killed the people having sex near the tabernacle in Numbers-25, because his killing those people caused the people to stop sinning.

 

But that is not the only way, a person can do a righteous act, and that act causes the people to desire to want to do right by YHVH. Now with all that said is the messiah supposed to be the salvation of Israel?

 

In an indirect sense this is the case, because according to Jeremiah-31:31-33- “See, the days are coming,” declares יהוה, “when I shall make a renewed covenant with the house of Yisra’ěl and with the house of Yehuḏah, not like the covenant I made with their fathers in the day when I strengthened their hand to bring them out of the land of Mitsrayim, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them,” declares יהוה. For this is the covenant I shall make with the house of Yisra’ěl after those days, declares יהוה: I shall put My Torah in their inward parts, and write it on their hearts. And I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people. - We shall have the torah on our hearts, then.

 

Now I am not saying that the king’s coming only causes the people to turn from sin, no you can turn from your own sin and not need the future king at all, I am only pointing out that in the messianic age it will be easier to obey YHVH because the messiah will be ruling the world from Jerusalem see Psalm-2:6-8-“But I, I have set My Sovereign on Tsiyon, My set-apart mountain.” “I inscribe for a law: יהוה has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have brought You forth. Ask of Me, and I make the nations Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth Your possession.

 

 

4. Verse-24- A study

 

verse-24-And Elohim heard their groaning, and Elohim remembered His covenant with Aḇraham, with Yitsḥaq, and with Ya‛aqoḇ.

 

A. What was the covenant YHVH cut with Isaac, and Jacob?

 

He actually cut no covenant with them, however they YHVH cut a covenant with Avraham, and Isaac, and Jacob had the same covenant that YHVH cut with Avraham in Genesis-15.

 

B. What can we learn about the covenant YHVH cut with Avraham?

 

Well now that we understand from this verse that the covenant YHVH cut with Avraham was in effect in the days before they went to Sinai, it begs the question how so?

 

Well the covenant stipulations were as follows Genesis-15:13-18- And He said to Aḇram, “Know for certain that your seed are to be sojourners in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years. “But the nation whom they serve I am going to judge, and afterward let them come out with great possessions. “Now as for you, you are to go to your fathers in peace, you are to be buried at a good old age. “Then, in the fourth generation they shall return here, for the crookedness of the Amorites is not yet complete.” And it came to be, when the sun went down and it was dark, that see, a smoking oven and a burning torch passing between those pieces. On the same day יהוה made a covenant with Aḇram, saying, “I have given this land to your seed, from the river of Mitsrayim to the great river, the River Euphrates,

 

I believe the covenant was that he was going to become a great and mighty Nation, because that was one of the promises YHVH promised in Genesis-12:1-3, and to go in the land and take it, as we see here. So the point is the reason why the covenant was in effect is because the they had to build a nation, otherwise the law/ torah would have been given then, that is why the law/ torah wasn’t given then.

 

5. Exodus-3:2-4- The Messenger being identified as YHVH- A Study

 

Now before I get into this I have to preface this study with a warning, this study is going to knock some of your sacred pillars if you believe Yeshua is YHVH in the flesh.

 

In Exodus-3:2-4-And the Messenger of יהוה appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. And he looked and saw the bush burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed. And Mosheh said, “Let me turn aside now, and see this great sight, why the bush does not burn.” And יהוה saw that he turned aside to see, and Elohim called to him from the midst of the bush and said, “Mosheh! Mosheh!” And he said, “Here I am.”

 

A. Why is this Messenger identified as YHVH in the text?

 

The best reason I can come up with is found in Psalm-118:26- Blessed is He who is coming in the Name of יהוה! We shall bless you from the House of יהוה.- the point is the messenger is sent on behalf/ authority of the king and is doing works in service to a certain king.

 

But notice that this is identified as a messenger, it is a concept called dual equivalence, we see this idea found also in Deuteronomy-31:6-7- “Be strong and courageous, do not fear nor be afraid of them. For it is יהוה your Elohim who is going with you. He does not fail you nor forsake you.” And Mosheh called Yehoshua and said to him before the eyes of all Yisra’ěl, “Be strong and courageous, for you are going with this people to the land which יהוה has sworn to their fathers to give them, and you are to let them inherit it.

 

But it doesn’t have only work that way it can also work through where it let’s you know that this is messenger, but we understand that it actually isn’t YHVH see Genesis-18:1-2- And יהוה appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamrě, while he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day. So he lifted his eyes and looked, and saw three men standing opposite him. And when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground,

 

B. Could a king be a type of messenger?

 

Actually yes! And here’s why because a messenger is basically a servant to a king who sends a message or does something in service to a king, the king of Israel would be known as a messenger of YHVH, this is why the king of Israel was known as “YHVH our righteousness”

 

Jeremiah-23:5-6-“See, the days are coming,” declares יהוה, “when I shall raise for Dawiḏ a Branch of righteousness, and a Sovereign shall reign and act wisely, and shall do right-ruling and righteousness in the earth. “In His days Yehuḏah shall be saved, and Yisra’ěl dwell safely. And this is His Name whereby He shall be called: ‘יהוה our Righteousness.

 

And this is why in Philippians-2:5-7- For, let this mind be in you which was also in Messiah יהושע, who, being in the form of Elohim, did not regard equality with Elohim a matter to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a servant, and came to be in the likeness of men.- It is worded as such, because YHVH gave him the authority to be likened unto him, he was in the expressed image of YHVH, we see the same concept in Colossians-1:15- who is the likeness of the invisible Elohim, the first-born of all creation.

 

The same is found also when Yeshua said “I and my father, are one.”

 

Now I know what your going to point out, okay Shaun you have proven that this idea, but how do we know the messiah/ king will be a human being, it could be he’s YHVH, and your not being honest with the text.

 

C. Is the future king of Israel “YHVH?, and why? No he isn’t.

 

Well bear this in mind in Jeremiah-33:15-17-In those days and at that time I cause a Branch of righteousness to spring forth for Dawiḏ. And He shall do right-ruling and righteousness in the earth. In those days Yehuḏah shall be saved, and Yerushalayim dwell in safety. And this is that which shall be proclaimed to her: ‘יהוה our Righteousness.’ “For thus said יהוה, ‘For Dawiḏ there is not to cease a man to sit on the throne of the house of Yisra’ěl. - The point is the word for man in Hebrew is איש-iysh- and it means a mortal, genetic born human being.

 

Also in 1 Timothy-2:5- For there is one Elohim, and one Mediator between Elohim and men, the Man Messiah יהושע,- Even Paul here thought he was a human being.

 

Even Yeshua never thought he was YHVH

 

see Matthew-19:16-17-And see, one came and said to Him, “Good Teacher, what good shall I do to have everlasting life?” And He said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except One – Elohim. But if you wish to enter into life, guard the commands.”

 

So I hope this gives you a better idea of who/ what our messiah is.

 

6. Did Yeshua refer to himself being the “Great I AM,” in John-8:58?- A Study

 

Okay so no he didn’t refer to himself as this, and I will demonstrate my case for why:

 

In the Greek in John-8:58- according to biblical unitarian on Youtube, and also an impeccable greek scholar, I might add:

 

The Greek is εγω ειμι – most literally means “I exist”

 

It can be translated as I am:

 

See Matthew-22:32- I am the Elohim of Aḇraham, and the Elohim of Yitsḥaq, and the Elohim of Ya‛aqoḇ’? Elohim is not the Elohim of the dead, but of the living.”

 

and Matthew-28:20-teaching them to guard all that I have commanded you. And see, I am with you always, until the end of the age.” Aměn.

 

But that isn’t the only way to translate it.

 

It has also been translated as follows in Matthew-26:22-And they were deeply grieved, and began to say to Him, each of them, “Master, is it I?”

 

Also Luke-24:39-“See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself. Handle Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see I have.”

 

The point is according to this guy John-8:58, doesn’t have to be translated as “I AM,” It can be translated as I was, like the concept of him was started even before Abraham was born, and that would true because of Genesis-1:3- And Elohim said, “Let light come to be,” and light came to be. - Now I will tell you why this is an idiom for the messiah in another parashat, I don’t want to get off on a bunny trail, but just know that I can back this up.

 

In John-8:58- The Greek is also past tense this guy pointed out in this verse, now the verse in Exodus-3:14- And Elohim said to Mosheh, “I am that which I am.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Yisra’ěl, ‘I am has sent me to you.’ ”

 

Now the Hebrew reads as such: איה אשר איה- I will be what I will be- it is future focused, so as we see Yeshua wasn’t saying he was the great “I AM.” Because the one is past tense, while this is future focused, also according to this scholar most of the translators are trinitarians, so of course this bias comes through in the translation.

 

Also this can mean “Before Abraham was born, I was the appointed king.”

 

Now the reason why they picked stones to kill him if he would have done this falsely, is because in their mind it would have the sin of Qorach, encroachment upon the throne, which is a death penalty thing.

 

So we see these are my reasons why it has nothing to do with him being YHVH at all.

 

7. Is Israel, the only “Firstborn,” of YHVH?- A Study?

Finally the final study, with these lessons, I just wish people would spend a year reading the Psalms, because they are very revealing, with this said, lets read Psalm-89:20-27-

 

I have found My servant Dawiḏ; With My set-apart oil I anointed him, “With whom My hand is established; My arm also strengthens him. “No enemy subjects him to tribute, And no son of wickedness afflicts him. “And I shall beat down His adversaries before his face, And plague those who hate him. “But My trustworthiness And My loving-commitment are with him, And in My Name his horn is exalted. “And I shall set his hand on the sea, And his right hand on the rivers. “He calls out to Me, ‘You are my Father, My Ěl, and the rock of my deliverance.’ “, “I also appoint him first-born, Highest of the sovereigns of the earth. - So here King David is the “First Born,” of YHVH, so how does that work since Israel is YHVH’s firstborn?

 

Okay first we have to point out what a first born is, according to Deuteronomy-21:15-17- “When a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and they have borne him children, both the loved and the unloved, and the first-born son is of her who is unloved, then it shall be, on the day he makes his sons to inherit his possessions, he is not allowed to treat the son of the beloved wife as first-born in the face of the son of the unloved, who is truly the first-born. “But he is to acknowledge the son of the unloved wife as the first-born by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he is the beginning of his strength – the right of the first-born is his. - So a firstborn according to the text here, is one who gets the inheritance rites to property of some kind, according to the torah here.

 

Anyways the children of Israel were given a property, and it was the land of Israel, in fact, the same language is used here in Exodus-23:30-“Little by little I shall drive them out from before you, until you have increased, and you inherit the land.

 

And Exodus-32:13-“Remember Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq, and Yisra’ěl, Your servants, to whom You swore by Yourself, and said to them, ‘I increase your seed like the stars of the heavens. And all this land that I have spoken of I give to your seed, and they shall inherit it forever.’ ” - So they are only the firstborn in connection to the land of Israel, which they get as an inheritance.

 

Now in regards to Psalm-89:20-27, something that has to be pointed out is found in verse-27-“I also appoint him first-born, Highest of the sovereigns of the earth. - Now the point is this is pointing out that “King David,” is highest of the kings of the earth, in other words he rules over the other Nations lands as Psalm-2:6-8-“But I, I have set My Sovereign on Tsiyon, My set-apart mountain.” “I inscribe for a law: יהוה has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have brought You forth. Ask of Me, and I make the nations Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth Your possession.

 

My point is Psalm-2:6-8- is teaching about a different idea of firstborn, because the people of Israel don’t rule over nations lands, the authority is given to their king, who would rule over the other nations lands, and it uses the same language for inheritance as it did in Deuteronomy-21:15-17. So the king of Israel can be a firstborn, and this is a different idea then Israel being the firstborn of YHVH.